Web Server (apache) and DNS (bind) setup on a MacMini using Homebrew

  1. Online references
  2. Common pitfalls, problems
  3. XCODE - command line tools
  4. BREW
  6. PHP
  7. CERTBOT - Let's Encrypt
  8. HTTP2
  9. BIND
  10. Network Performance tools
  11. MacMini Setup (for SC/webcam/demo)
  12. How this page is made
S=Setup, O=Operational, T=Test

Online references

In this table are the commands for apache, bind and certbot via brew as in https://getgrav.org/blog/macos-mojave-apache-multiple-php-versions.
The previous Apple server software needs to be completely uninstalled and out of the window!

Common pitfalls, problems

  • After a brew upgrade some services may not work. One difficult to diagnose problem may be the firewall settings in MacOSX. It blocks by default incoming connections on unsigned bin's and executables need to be added in the list in the System Preferences Firewall settings. Also note that just putting there the /usr/local/bin/executable will not work since brew puts aliasses (links) there. Follow the link to the real bin. Same for /usr/local/sbin .
  • After a "brew upgrade" the output may display an error that an old directory could not be removed and a sudo command is displayed. In reality the "brew upgrade" did not complete, so execute that sudo command and repeat "brew upgrade" and displayed error - sudo commands until nothing is being done anymore by that command.

XCODE - command line tools

S install Xcode

S xcode-select --install Apple's command line tools need to be installed


S ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"
T brew --version https://docs.brew.sh/FAQ
O brew update
O brew upgrade to upgrade all installed programs to newest version.
O brew doctor
O sudo chown -R "$USER":admin /usr/local
sudo chown -R "$USER":admin /Library/Caches/Homebrew
to correct prmissions
S brew install openldap libiconv


S sudo apachectl stop
S sudo launchctl unload -w /System/Library/LaunchDaemons/org.apache.httpd.plist
S brew install httpd

O sudo brew services start httpd

T ps -aef | grep httpd

O sudo brew services restart httpd

T tail -f /usr/local/var/log/httpd/error_log

O sudo apachectl stop
O sudo apachectl -k restart
T sudo apachectl -S to get setup paths
T apachectl configtest test
S bbedit /usr/local/etc/httpd/httpd.conf

S HTTPD edits including vhosts:
  1. Listen 8080 => Listen 80
  2. enable ==> LoadModule deflate_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_deflate.so
  3. enable ==> LoadModule rewrite_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_rewrite.so
  4. enable ==> LoadModule vhost_alias_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_vhost_alias.so
  5. ServerAdmin admin@domain.net
  6. #ServerName www.example.com:8080 ==> ServerName localhost:80
  7. enable ==> Include /usr/local/etc/httpd/extra/httpd-autoindex.conf
  8. enable ==> Include /usr/local/etc/httpd/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

S vhosts, Include catch directory and for vhosts:

edit: /usr/local/etc/httpd/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

<VirtualHost *:80>
    DocumentRoot "/usr/local/var/www"
    ServerName catch.delaat.net
<Directory "/usr/local/var/www">
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride All
    Require all granted

<VirtualHost *:80>
    DocumentRoot "/Users/delaat/Sites"
    ServerName delaat.net
    ServerAlias alias.delaat.net
<Directory "/Users/delaat/Sites">
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride All
    Require all granted

DocumentRoot "/usr/local/var/www" ==> DocumentRoot "/Users/delaat/Sites"
Directory "/usr/local/var/www" ==> Directory "/Users/delaat/Sites"


S brew install php DOES NOT WORK BECAUSE OF mod_mpm_event.so
incompatible caching regimes!
S To enable PHP in Apache add the following to httpd.conf and restart Apache:
    LoadModule php7_module /usr/local/opt/php/lib/httpd/modules/libphp7.so

    <FilesMatch \.php$>
        SetHandler application/x-httpd-php

Finally, check DirectoryIndex includes index.php
    DirectoryIndex index.php index.html

The php.ini and php-fpm.ini file can be found in:

To have launchd start php now and restart at login:
  brew services start php
Or, if you don't want/need a background service you can just run:

CERTBOT - Let's Encrypt

S sudo install -d -o $(whoami) -g admin /usr/local/Frameworks
S brew install certbot
S HTTPD edits: Uncomment:
  • LoadModule ssl_module modules/mod_ssl.so
  • LoadModule socache_shmcb_module modules/mod_socache_shmcb.so

add at the end:

<IfModule mod_ssl.c>
   Listen 443
Include /usr/local/etc/httpd/extra/httpd-vhosts-le-ssl.conf

create if needed httpd-vhosts-le-ssl.conf

<VirtualHost *:443>
    DocumentRoot "/Users/XXXX/Sites"
    ServerName delaat.net
    ServerAlias ipv4.delaat.net ipv6.delaat.net
    ServerAlias www.delaat.net
Include /etc/letsencrypt/options-ssl-apache.conf
SSLCertificateFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/XXXXXXX/fullchain.pem
SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/XXXXXXX/privkey.pem

and in httpd-vhosts.conf e.g.:

<VirtualHost *:80>
    DocumentRoot "/Users/delaat/Sites"
    ServerName delaat.net
    ServerAlias ipv4.delaat.net ipv6.delaat.net
    ServerAlias www.delaat.net
RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{SERVER_NAME} =ipv4.delaat.net [OR]
RewriteCond %{SERVER_NAME} =delaat.net [OR]
RewriteCond %{SERVER_NAME} =www.delaat.net [OR]
RewriteCond %{SERVER_NAME} =ipv6.delaat.net
RewriteRule ^ https://%{SERVER_NAME}%{REQUEST_URI} [END,NE,R=permanent]

S sudo certbot --apache
sudo certbot --apache --staging
and after successful testing:
sudo certbot --apache --force-renewal

O sudo certbot renew --dry-run
O sudo certbot renew for production
O sudo certbot certificates
S /Library/LaunchDaemons/com.letsencrypt.renew.plist

sudo vi /Library/LaunchDaemons/com.letsencrypt.renew.plist
put in that file the xml below here:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd">
<plist version="1.0">
S sudo chmod 644 /Library/LaunchDaemons/com.letsencrypt.renew.plist
sudo chown root:wheel /Library/LaunchDaemons/com.letsencrypt.renew.plist
sudo launchctl load /Library/LaunchDaemons/com.letsencrypt.renew.plist
sudo launchctl start com.letsencrypt.renew
sudo launchctl list | grep -i letsencrypt

O tail -f /tmp/com.letsencrypt.renew.stderr
tail -f tmp/com.letsencrypt.renew.stdout


S HTTPD edits to enable http2
  1. disable ===> #LoadModule mpm_prefork_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_mpm_prefork.so
  2. enable ===> LoadModule mpm_event_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_mpm_event.so
  3. enable ===> LoadModule http2_module lib/httpd/modules/mod_http2.so
  4. add ===> Protocols h2 h2c http/1.1


S brew install bind
O sudo brew services start bind
O sudo brew services restart bind
O sudo brew services stop bind
S /usr/local/etc/named.conf
S /usr/local/var/named/
T host -t ns delaat.net

Network Performance tools

brew install iperf iperf3 nuttcp bwctl owamp https://fasterdata.es.net/performance-testing/network-troubleshooting-tools/

iperf -s -i 4 -w 5m -N

iperf -i 4 -t 1000 -N -w 5M -l 1M -c servername

iperf3 -s -i 5 -N

iperf3 -i 4 -t 1000 -N -w 5M -l 1M -c servername

nuttcp -S

nuttcp servername
runs a 10 second test, only on ipv4

MacMini Setup (for SC/webcam/demo)

  • Users & Groups
    • SNE-Admin
      • sne-admin
    • SNE-demo
      • sne-demo
    • Login Options
      • auto login sne-demo
  • Power settings
    • never sleep computer
    • restart after power fail
    • prevent display sleep
    • awake with net access
    • start up 8h00 in the morning
  • Desktop & Screen Saver
    • no screen saver
  • Sharing
    • Screen Sharing
    • File Sharing
    • Remote login
  • Security
    • turn off screen lock
    • enable location services
    • no filevault
  • Date & Time
    • automatic time adjustment
  • Display Menu.app and WebCamMonitor App
  • Desk picture SNE logo
  • Team Viewer Setup
  • EvoCam Setup
    • Evocam5 download
      • serial ES56-MUDX-9LD6-BRAG
      • Note:
        • EvoCam 4 crashes now and then but does recording fine!
        • EvoCam 5 is more stable but gives unusable recordings!
        • note that sometimes the high res recording looks like taken at low res!
          Make sure to open first the small and then the big window.
    • Settings
      • Preferences
        • web server port nr 10456
        • Log Web Server access
        • auto-open docs from previous session at startup
        • make sure the low res is in the back.
        • Finder Cam1.settings on desktop put in dock and set Open at login
        • 320 * 180
        • 384 * 216
        • 480 * 270
        • font size 12
        • framerate 15
        • quality normal normal
        • fontsize 9
      • Cam2.evocamsettings
        • 1280 * 720
        • framerate 15
        • quality normal normal
      • Other resolutions 16*9
      • 256    144    YouTube 144p
      • 426    240   
      • 640    360    nHD
      • 768    432   
      • 800    450   
      • 848    480   
      • 896    504   
      • 960    540    qHD
      • 1024    576   
      • 1152    648   
      • 1280    720    HD
      • 1366    768    WXGA
      • 1600    900    HD+
      • 1920    1080    Full HD
      • 2000    1125   
      • 2048    1152   
      • 2304    1296   
      • 2560    1440    QHD
      • 2880    1620   
      • 3200    1800    QHD+
      • 3520    1980   
      • 3840    2160    4K UHD
      • 4096    2304    Full 4K UHD
      • 4480    2520   
      • 5120    2880    5K UHD
      • 5760    3240   
      • 6400    3600   
      • 7040    3960   
      • 7680    4320    8K UHD
      • 15360    8640    16K
      • NOTE: the low resolution serve must start first, then the high resolution, otherwise video is low quality.

How this page is made